Air strike hits capital of Ethiopia’s Tigray for third time this week

Ethiopian government airstrikes hit the capital of the northern Tigray region on Wednesday, the third such attack this week in a stepped-up campaign to weaken rebellious Tigrayan forces in an almost one-year-old war.

Tigrai Television, controlled by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), said the attack targeted the center of the city of Mekelle but it gave no details of casualties or damage.

Ethiopia’s government said it targeted buildings where Tigrayan forces were repairing armaments.

The TPLF has “been adept at hiding munitions and heavy artillery in places of worship and using ordinary Tigrayans as a human shield”, government spokesman Legesse Tulu said.

Two witnesses and a humanitarian source in Mekelle told Reuters that the strike appeared to have targeted Mesfin Industrial Engineering PLC, a factory complex in the city which the government believes supports the TPLF.

TPLF leader Debretsion Gebremichael, referring to the government forces, said: “They are desperate on the war front. My interpretation is they are bombing us because they are losing on the ground and it’s their reprisal. The fact that they are bombing shows they don’t care about Tigrayan civilians.”

He said the strike did not hit the engineering complex but hit another private company compound, but he had no further details.

He spoke to Reuters by satellite phone from an undisclosed location. He said he did not have information on possible casualties.

The blast shattered the windows of Mekelle General Hospital, about one kilometer away, and damaged nearby homes said a doctor at the hospital. It had received five wounded people, he said.

“Four of them were factory employees and the fifth one is a lady who lives near the factory. Her house was destroyed by the airstrike,” the doctor said.

Tigrai Television posted photographs of what appeared to be plumes of billowing smoke. Reuters geolocated the images to Mekelle.

The two sides have been fighting for almost a year in a conflict that has killed thousands of people and displaced more than two million amid a power struggle between the TPLF, which controls Tigray, and the central government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Addis Ababa.

The TPLF dominated the country’s ruling party for decades before Abiy, who is not a Tigrayan, took office in 2018.


Mesfin Industrial Engineering is an equipment manufacturer and car and truck assembly plant that was part of EFFORT, a TPLF-owned conglomerate.

After war broke out last November, the government froze the company’s bank accounts, saying there was evidence that it was supporting the TPLF. The company could not be reached for comment. Most communications in Mekelle are down.

The strike comes two days after two airstrikes hit the city. The TPLF accused the government of launching the attacks. A government official initially denied the accusation but state media later reported the air force had conducted a strike.

The attacks follow intensified fighting in two other northern regions, where the military is trying to recover territory taken by the TPLF, which recaptured Mekelle and most of the rest of Tigray several months ago.

In July, the TPLF pushed into the two other regions, Amhara and Afar, and several hundred thousand more people fled their homes, according to the United Nations.

Last week, after the TPLF said the military had started an offensive in Amhara, the military said that “they (the TPLF) have opened the war on all fronts” and said the military was inflicting heavy casualties.

“The federal airstrikes on Mekelle appear to be part of efforts to weaken Tigray’s armed resistance, which has recently made further gains in eastern Amhara region, with fighting ongoing in some areas,” said Will Davison, a senior analyst on Ethiopia at the Brussels-based International Crisis Group, a think tank.

“Along with superior manpower, control of the skies is one of the few remaining areas of military advantage for the federal government,” Davison said.

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